America's Great Debate

America's Great Debate

Henry Clay, Stephen A. Douglas, and the Compromise That Preserved the Union

Book - 2012
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Baker & Taylor
Chronicles the heated debates surrounding the 1850s appeals of California and other territories to join the Union as slave or free states, profiling tenacious period balances in the Senate, Henry Clay's attempts at compromise and the explosive boundary crisis between New Mexico and Texas. 50,000 first printing.

Simon and Schuster
The Mexican War introduced vast new territories into the United States, among them California and the present-day Southwest. When gold was discovered in California in the great Gold Rush of 1849, the population swelled, and settlers petitioned for admission to the Union. But the U.S. Senate was precariously balanced with fifteen free states and fifteen slave states. Up to then states had been admitted in pairs, one free and one slave, to preserve that tenuous balance in the Senate. Would California be free or slave? So began a paralyzing crisis in American government, and the longest debate in Senate history.

Fergus Bordewich tells the epic story of the Compromise of 1850 with skill and vigor, bringing to life two generations of senators who dominated the great debate. Luminaries such as John Calhoun, Daniel Webster, and Henry Clay—who tried unsuccessfully to cobble together a compromise that would allow for California’s admission and simultaneously put an end to the nation’s agony over slavery—were nearing the end of their long careers. Rising stars such as Jefferson Davis, William Seward, and Stephen Douglas—who ultimately succeeded where Clay failed—would shape the country’s politics as slavery gradually fractured the nation.

The Compromise saved the Union from collapse, but it did so at a great cost. The gulf between North and South over slavery widened with the strengthened Fugitive Slave Law that was part of the complex Compromise. In America’s Great Debate Fergus Bordewich takes us back to a time when compromise

was imperative, when men swayed one another in Congress with the power of their ideas and their rhetoric, when partisans on each side reached across the aisle to preserve the Union from tragedy.

Publisher: New York : Simon & Schuster, 2012
Edition: 1st Simon & Schuster hardcover ed
ISBN: 9781439141687
1439141681
9781439124604
1439124604
Branch Call Number: 973..64 B644a
Characteristics: x, 480 p. : maps ; 25 cm

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beetle101
Sep 16, 2013

Excellent narrative of America's second generation of political giants and their efforts to keep the Union from tearing itself apart. Sadly it was the last hurrah for many of these sometimes flawed individuals. They're labors only delayed the inevitable.

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